Selected references


Eilu, P. & Pankka, H. 2010. FINGOLD – A public database on gold deposits in Finland. Version 1.1. Geological Survey of Finland, Digital Data Products 10. (Download as zip file)

Books and other compilations

Eilu, P. 2007. FINGOLD: Brief descriptions of all drilling-indicated gold occurrences in Finland − the 2007 data. Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 166. 35 p. (Download as pdf)

Grönholm, S. and Kärkkäinen, N. (ed.) 2012. Gold in Southern Finland: Results of GTK studies 1998–2011. Geological Survey of Finland, Special Paper 52. (Download as pdf)

Hirvas, H., 1991. Pleistocene stratigraphy of Finnish Lapland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 354, p.123. (Download as pdf)

Kauranne, K., Salminen, R. & Eriksson, K. (Eds.), 1992. Handbook of Exploration Geochemistry, vol. 5. Regolith Exploration Geochemistry in Arctic and Temperate Terrains. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Kontoniemi, O. & Nurmi, P.A. (eds.) 1998. Geological setting and characteristics of tonalite-hosted Paleoproterozoic gold deposit at Osikonmäki, Rantasalmi, southeastern Finland. Geol. Surv. Finland, Spec. Paper 25. (Download as pdf)

Mänttäri, I., 1995, Lead isotope characteristics of epigenetic gold mineralization in the Palaeoproterozoic Lapland greenstone belt, northern Finland: Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin 381. 70 p. (Download as pdf)

Niiranen, T., Lahti, I., Nykänen, V. & Karinen, T. 2014. Central Lapland Greenstone Belt 3D modeling project final report. Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 209, 78 p. (Download as pdf)

Nurmi, P. & Sorjonen-Ward, P. (eds) 1993. Geological development, gold mineralization and exploration methods in the late Archaean Hattu schist belt, Ilomantsi, eastern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Special Paper 17. (Download as pdf)

Nurmi, P., Lestinen, P. and Niskavaara, H. 1991. Geochemical characteristics of mesothermal gold deposits in the Fennoscandian Shield, and a comparison with selected Canadian and Australian deposits. Bull. Geol. Surv. Finland 351. 101 p. (Download as pdf)

Ojala, J. (Ed.), 2007. Gold in the Central Lapland Greenstone Belt. Geological Survey of Finland, Special Paper 44, 269 p. (Download as pdf)

Rasilainen, K. 1996. Geochemical alteration of gold occurrences in the late Archean Hattu schist belt, Ilomantsi, eastern Finland. Ph.D. thesis. Geol. Surv. Finland. 140 p.

Saarnisto, M. & Tamminen, E., 1985. Lapin Kultaprojektin Loppuraportti. Lapin Kultaprojekti, Raportti N:o 3, Oulun yliopiston geologian laitos, 88 s.

Vanhanen, E. 2001. Geology, mineralogy and geochemistry of the Fe-Co-Au-(U) deposits in the Paleoproterozoic Kuusamo Schist Belt, northeastern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin 399. 229 p. (Download as pdf)

Research papers

Airo, M.-L., Mertaen, S. Magnetic signatures related to orogenic gold mineralization, Central Lapland Greenstone Belt, Finland. J. Appl. Geophys., 64, 14–24.

Arkimaa, H. 1997. The fingerprints of known gold occurrences in the Kuusamo schist belt as shown by airborne gamma-ray spectrometric data. Geological Survey of Finland, Special Paper 23, 25-28. (Download as pdf)

Eilu, P., Sorjonen-Ward, P., Nurmi, P., Niiranen, T., 2003. A Review of Gold Mineralization Styles in Finland. Econ. Geol., 98, 1329-1353.

Eilu, P. 2015. Overview on gold deposits in Finland. In: W.D. Maier, R. Lahtinen, H. O’Brien (eds.) Mineral Deposits of Finland. Elsevier, Oxford. 377–410.

Fusswinkel, T., Wagner, T. & Sakellaris, G. 2017. Fluid evolution of the Neoarchean Pampalo orogenic gold deposit (E Finland): constraints from LA-ICPMS fluid inclusion microanalysis. Chem. Geol. 450, 96–121.

Härkönen, I., Pankka, H. & Rossi, S. 2000. Summary report: The Iso-Kuotko gold prospects, northern Finland: Kuotko 8-10 (6314/1-3) and Kuotko 11–13 (6886/1-3). Geological Survey of Finland, Report M06/2744/00/1/10. 18 p. (Download as pdf)

Höltta, P. and Karhu, 2001. Oxygen and caron isotope compositions of carbonates in the alteration ones of orogenic gold deposits in Central Finnish Lapland. Geol. Surv. Finland, Spec. Paper 31, 25-29. (Download as pdf)

Käpyaho, A., Molnár, F., Sorjonen-Ward, P.,Mänttäri, I., Sakellaris, G. & Whitehouse, M. 2017. New U-Pb age constraints for the timing of gold mineralization at the Pampalo deposit, eastern Finland, obtained from hydrothermally altered and recrystallised zircon. Precambrian Res. 289, 48–61.

Lahti, I. & Nykänen, V. 2015. The orogenic gold potential of the Central Lapland greenstone belt, northern Fennoscandian shield. In: W.D. Maier, R. Lahtinen, H. O’Brien (eds.) Mineral Deposits of Finland. Elsevier, Oxford. 733–752.

Molnár, F., Mänttäri, I., O’Brien, H., Lahaye, Y., Pakkanen, L., Johanson, B., Käpyaho, A., Sorjonen-Ward, P., Whitehouse, M. & Sakellaris, G., 2016. Boron, sulphur and copper isotope systematics in the orogenic gold deposits of the Archaean Hattu schist belt, eastern Finland. Ore Geol. Rev. 77, 133–162.

Molnár, F., O`Brien, H., Lahaye, Y., Käpyaho, A., Sorjonen-Ward, P., Hyodo, H, Sakellaris, G., 2016. Signatures of multiple mineralization processes in the Archean orogenic gold deposit of the Pampalo Mine, Hattu schist belt, eastern Finland. Econ. Geol., 111, 1659-1703.

Molnár, F., Oduro, H., Cook, N.D.J., Pohjolainen, E., Takács, Á., O’Brien, H., Pakkanen, L., Johanson, B., Wirth, R., 2016. Association of gold with uraninite and pyrobitumen in the metavolcanic rock hosted hydrothermal Au-U mineralisation at Rompas, Peräpohja Schist Belt, northern Finland. Mineralium Deposita, 51, 681–702.

Nykänen, V. & Ojala, J. 2007. Spatial analysis techniques as successful mineral-potential mapping tools for orogenic gold deposits in the Northern Fennoscandian Shield, Finland. Natural Resources Research 16, 85-92. (Download as pdf)

Nykänen, V., Groves, D.I., Ojala, V.J., & Gardoll, S. 2008. Combined conceptual/empirical prospectivity mapping for orogenic gold in the northern Fennoscandian Shield, Finland. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 55, 39–59.

Pankka, H.S. and Vanhanen, E.J. 1992. Early Proterozoic Au-Co-U mineralization in the Kuusamo district, northeastern Finland. Precambrian Res. 58, 387–400.

Peuraniemi, V., 1990. The weathering crust in Finnish Lapland and its influence on the composition of glacial deposits. In: Aario, R. (Ed.), Glacial heritage of Northern Finland; an excursion guide. Nordia tiedonantoja, Sarja A 1, pp. 7–11.

Poutiainen, M., 1993. Fluid inclusion geochemistry of the early Proterozoic Pirilä gold deposit in Rantasalmi, southeastern Finland. Miner. Deposita, 28, 129-135.

Poutianinen, M, Partamies, S., 2003. Fluid evolution of the late Archean Rämepuro gold deposit in the Ilomantsi greenstone belt in eastern Finland. Miner. Deposita, 38. 196-207.

Poutiainen, M. and Partamies, S. 2003. Fluid inclusion characteristics of auriferous quartz veins in Archean and Paleoproterozoic greenstone belts of eastern and southern Finland. Econ. Geol. 98, 1355–1369.

Ranta, J-P., Molnár, F., Hanski, E., Cook, N., 2018. Epigenetic gold occurrence in a Paleoproterozoic meta-evaporitic sequence in the Rompas-Rajapalot Au system, Peräpohja belt, northern Finland. Bull. Geol. Soc. Finland, 90, 69–108. (Download as pdf)

Rosenberg, P. 1997. The Kaapelinkulma gold deposit, Valkeakoski. In: C. Ehlers (ed.) Gold and base metal deposits in southwestern Finland. Geol. Surv. Finland, Guide 44, 23–25. (Download as pdf)

Saalmann, K. 2007. Structural control on gold mineralization in the Satulinmäki and Riukka prospects, Häme Schist Belt, southern Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland 79, 69-93. (Download as pdf)

Saalmann, K., Mänttäri, I., Peltonen, P., Whitehouse, M.J., Grönholm, P. & Talikka, M. 2010. Geochronology and structural relationships of mesothermal gold mineralization in the Palaeoproterozoic Jokisivu prospect, southern Finland. Geological Magazine 147, 551–569.

Saalmann, K., Mänttäri, I., Ruffet, G. & Whitehouse, M.J. 2009. Age and tectonic framework of structurally controlled Palaeoproterozoic gold mineralization in the Häme belt of southern Finland. Precambrian Res. 174, 53–77.

Sarala, P. & Ojala, V.J., 2008. Implications of complex glacial deposits for till geochemical exploration: Examples from the central Fennoscandian ice sheet. In: Stefansson, Ó. (Ed.), Geochemistry Research Advances. Nova Publishers, New York, pp. 1–29.

Sarala, P., 2015. Surficial geochemical exploration methods. In: In: Mayer, W.D., Lahtinen, R. & O’Brien, H. (eds.), Mineral deposits of Finland. Chapter 10.1. Elsevier, Amsterdam. p. 711–731. DOI:10.1016/B978-0-12-410438-9.00027-3

Sayab, M., Suuronen, J-P., Molnár, F., Villanova, J., Kallonen, A., O`Brien, H., Lahtinen, R., Lehtonen, M., 2016. Three-dimensional textural and quantitative analyses of orogenic gold at the nanoscale. Geology, 44, 739–742.

Sorjonen-Ward, P.B., Hartikainen, A., Nurmi, P.A. Rasilainen, K., Schaubs, P., Zhang, Y. & Liikanen, J. 2015. Exploration targeting and geological context of gold mineralization in the Neoarchean Ilomantsi greenstone belt in eastern Finland. In: W.D. Maier, R. Lahtinen, H. O’Brien (eds.) Mineral Deposits of Finland. Elsevier, Oxford. 435–466.

Torppa, J., Nykänen, V., Molnár, F. (2019): Unsupervised clustering and empirical fuzzy memberships for mineral prospectivity modelling. Ore Geology Reviews, DOI:10.1016/j.oregeorev.2019.02.007

Vanhanen, E., Cook, N., Hudson, M.T., Dahlenborg, L., Ranta, J-P., Havela, T., Kinnunen, J., Molnár, F., Prave, A.R., Oliver, N.H.S., 2015. Rompas prospect, Peräpohja Schist Belt, Northern Finland. In: W.D. Maier, R. Lahtinen, H. O’Brien (eds.) Mineral Deposits of Finland. Elsevier, Oxford., 467-484.

Vasilopuolos, M., Ranta, J-P., Molnár, F., O’Brien, H., Lahaye, Y. 2019, Sulphide trace element, sulphur isotope and hydrothermal alteration studies in the Juomasuo and Hangaslampi Au- Co deposits, Kuusamo belt, northeastern Finland. 15th SGA Meeting, Glasgow, Proceedings, 1700-1703.

Witt, W.K., Hagemann, S.G., Roberts, M., Davies, A., 2020. Cobalt enrichment at the Juomasuo and Hangaslampi polymetallic deposits, Kuusamo Schist Belt, Finland: a role for an orogenic fluid?. Miner. Deposita, 55., 381–388.

Wyche, N.L., Eilu, P., Koppström, K., Kortelainen, V.J., Niiranen, T. & Välimaa, J. 2015. The Suurikuusikko gold deposit (Kittilä mine), northern Finland. In: W.D. Maier, R. Lahtinen, H. O’Brien (eds.) Mineral Deposits of Finland. Elsevier, Oxford. 411–434.